Urban mobility policy aims for mobility to be possible, affordable, environmentally friendly, safe and justified in urban areas. In order to pursue a sustainable mobility policy there is an essential need for better understanding the growing mobility demand and its repercussions on people, the economy and the environment.
Researchers at MOBI investigate the driving forces behind mobility choices at the level of the individuals and different groups of the society by analysing data on travel behaviour.
MOBI’s experience covers research on professional mobility (the use of company cars), mobility of students, an in-depth analysis of modal choice and travel behaviour in Brussels, teleworking, the influence of activities during travelling on the value of travel time (travel multitasking) and the selection of a set of indicators for urban mobility.
Besides traditional ways of collecting data through travel surveys, MOBI developed the mobility module of the MOTUS online time-use survey that provides detailed information about mobility-related activities in the daily time-use context. Currently, we are investigating the application of participatory sensing using smartphones to collect data on travel behaviour (FLAMENCO project) and how big data can be used for the impact assessment in urban mobility.
Our tools and analysis help decision makers to understand the impact of different mobility measures through the evaluation of the impact on sustainability and the stakeholders.
The evaluation techniques include: Social Cost Benefit Analysis (SCBA), Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and
Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA). In order to emphasize the societal impacts in an SCBA, MOBI developed an External Costs Calculator (ECC). Another MOBI development is the Multi-Actor, Multi-Criteria Analysis (MAMCA), which makes it possible to take the opinion of different stakeholders into account simultaneously in the evaluation. These tools have been applied often in combination in the context of the evaluation of small-scale urban mobility measures for example the NISTO project.